||First human activity. The Paleo Indians live in
small bands and hunt mammoth and other giant species on the shore
of glacial Lake Agassiz.
||Archaic people live in small bands, hunting and
|1-1000 Middle Woodland
||Woodland people move into this area, live in
villages, hunt, fish and gather.
|1000 Late Woodland
||Woodland people, the Selkirk and Blackduck, live
in villages and well-organized societies. They are here when the
first Europeans arrive.
||Jacques De Noyon sights Lake of the Woods, the
first European to do so.
||Pierre La Verendrye establishes Fort St.
||Jean Baptiste La Verendrye, Father Aulneau and 19
others are massacred by Sioux.
||Fort St. Charles is abandoned.
||Britain and United States sign the Treaty of Paris
following the War of Independence. The Treaty describes the
boundary between Canada and the US.
||Merger of the Hudson's Bay Comany and the North
||International Boundary Commission surveys Lake of
the Woods for the US/Canada Boundary - David Thompson, Surveyor,
and John Bigsby, Secretary, for the British; Joseph Delafield,
Agent, and James Ferguson, Surveyor, for the US. Map is rejected by
the Hudson's Bay Company.
||David Thompson and his son Samuel repeat survey of
Lake of the Woods finding North West Angle. Map results in final
definition of boundary.
||Ludwig Tiarks, surveyor for the British, confirms
that the North West Angle is more north-westerly than Rat
||Hudson's Bay Company establishes a post on Old
Fort Island, replacing the post at the Dalles.
||Webster-Ashburton Treaty ratified North West Angle
as the most northerly place on the US/Canada boundary and the
connection due south to the 49th parallel.
||Area is visited by Paul Kane, artist and
||Gold is first discovered in the area.
||Henry Youle Hind Expedition, sponsored by the
Canadian government, passes through Lake of the Woods, searching
out an emigrant route from Lake Superior to the Red River.
Samuel J. Dawson is with on this expedition.
Palliser Expedition, sponsored by the British government, passes
through Lake of the Woods, on a three-year expedition to survey the
resources of western Canada to establish the suitability of the
general area for settlement.
||Hudson's Bay Company post opens on the mainland on
the present site of Kenora.
||Wolseley Expedition arrives at northern end of
Lake of the Woods.
The boundary dispute between Ontario and Manitoba begins.
||Dawson Trail opens.
The Ontario government builds a jail in Rat Portage (now Kenora).
The Manitoba jail is situated across the street.
||First steamboat on Lake of the Woods.
||Treaty #3 is signed at the North West Angle.
||Frank Gardner arrives in Keewatin and is generally
acknowledged as the first permanent white settler in the area.
||Construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway
begins in this area.
||Rat Portage lots are surveyed by the Hudson's Bay
||First hotel in Rat Portage, the Rideout House, is
John Mather, who applied for post office seals, switches seals and
keeps Keewatin Mills for the western railway stop and sends Rat
Portage to the eastern stop.
The first doctor in Rat Portage, Dr. Thomas Hanson, arrives.
A cut is made between Portage Bay to Darlington Bay for
||The first newspaper in Rat Portage is printed.
It's called The North Star.
The first sawmill operation begins at Keewatin Mills, owned by
Visit by the Marquis of Lorne and Princess Louise.
Rat Portage is considered the roughest town in Canada.
||First library is established in Rat Portage.
Discovery of Sultana vein of gold.
First roundhouse with a turntable is built by the CPR.
||Western line of the CPR between Rat Portage and
Winnipeg is completed.
First railway station is built in Rat Portage.
First Roman Catholic Church is built in Rat Portage.
Town of Rat Portage is legally incorporated by Manitoba.
||Eastern line of CPR from Thunder Bay is
Polling takes place in Rat Portage to elect members to the
Provincial Legislatures of both Manitoba and Ontario.
First municipal government is formed in Rat Portage and W.L. Baker
is the first mayor.
First school in Rat Portage is built on Hennepin Lake.
The first tourists come to Rat Portage and stay in the Rideout
||Boundary dispute between Ontario and Manitoba is
settled in favour of Ontario.
||Rat Portage's first firehall burns down.
The first circus arrives in town.
Population is 750.
||First ocean to ocean train comes through Rat
||Norman threatens to withdraw from the municipality
of Rat Portage, citing taxation without adequate return as the
Rollerway Dam is built at the western outlet to the Winnipeg
Norman's first school is built.
||Lake of the Woods Milling Company begins
production of flour.
Keewatin lots are surveyed by the Keewatin Lumber and
||Rat Portage Curling Club forms.
||Rat Portage Rowing Club forms.
||First Rat Portage Regatta is held.
Thistles hockey team is organized.
||Rat Portage dam and powerhouse is built on eastern
outlet to Winnipeg River.
The first telephone system is operated in Rat Portage by the
Citizen's Telephone and Electric Light Company.
Town of Rat Portage is legally incorporated by Ontario.
||Western Algoma Brick Company is established.
Local Humane Society organizes.
Norman Dam is built by Keewatin Lumbering and Manufacturing
Twenty gold mines are operating within 15 miles of Rat
1.65 million pounds of fish and 123,750 pounds of caviar are
harvested from Lake of the Woods.
||Visit by Sir Wilfred Laurier.
||Salvation Army is organized in Rat Portage.
||J.W. Stone Boat Manufacturing Company, the lake's
first boat building company, opens.
||$25,000.00 of gold bullion is shipped out of Rat
Portage from the area mines.
Victoria Rink is built.
Rat Portage Baptist Church is built.
Royal Jubilee Hospital is completed.
Zion Methodist Church is built.
||St. Mary's Residential School opens.
||Official opening of the second Central
||New CPR Station and roundhouse is built.
Post Office building opens.
Gun Club is founded.
The ferry boat Argyle begins operation on the lake.
Population is almost 3,500.
||World sculling championship is held in Rat Portage
between Rat Portage resident Jake Gaudaur and Australian George
Towns. Towns wins.
||St. Joseph's Hospital is opened by the Sisters of
Providence of Montreal.
Lake of the Woods Yacht Club is organized.
||Name of Rat Portage changes to Kenora.
Double tracking of the CPR begins. Completed in 1910.
Population is 5,000.
||Eastern outlet power plant is enlarged.
||Kenora Thistles win the Stanley Cup.
||The sister townships are joined to form Jaffray
Road from Melick Township to Redditt is laid out.
First time women can vote in the municipal election.
Rediscovery of Fort St. Charles.
Keewatin is incorporated as a town.
||By-law is passed to use numbers on streets instead
of names. Houses are also numbered at this time.
||Tourist Hotel (Kenricia) opens.
Court House is completed.
||Present Kenora Fire Hall is built after the first
3 had burned down.
||Kenora Highschool is built.
||The Kenora Fish Market is opened by Frank
Visit by the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada, and
his wife, the Duchess of Connaught, and his daughter, Princess
||One-room log cabin school is built in Black
The Ukrainian Literary Society forms.
Clock is installed in Post Office tower.
||Kenora Public Library is built.
||Present St. Alban's Cathedral is
The first paid fire chief is hired by the Town of Kenora.
Zion Methodist Church burns down and joins Knox Presbyterian to
become Knox United.
||Hudson's Bay Company store closes.
||The first seaplane to fly over central Canada
stops in Kenora.
The Thistle Rink is built.
Construction of pulp and paper mill starts. Owned by Backus and
||Golf Club is founded.
||Kenora cenotaph is unveiled in Memorial
Production of paper begins at paper mill.
Golf Clubhouse built.
||Population is 7,500.
||Lakeside toboggan slides and ski jump opens.
Minaki Lodge is built.
||Jail built on Laurenson Lake.
||Cecelia Jeffrey Residential School built on Round
||The Kenora Rowing Club wins the Lipton Cup,
marking them as the champions of the Northwestern International
Rowing Association. They win it again in 1936.
||Completion of the Ontario-Manitoba section of the
Trans Canada Highway.
New highschool is officially opened - later renamed Lakewood
||The first woman, Elizabeth Courtney, is elected to
the Municipal Council of the Town of Kenora.
New curling rink built at corner of First Street South and Eighth
||Argyle II replaces the original.
||Salvation Army Citadel is built.
||Maple Leaf Flour Mill burns down and is not
Kenora District Camp Owners' Assocation forms.
||Ontario and Minnesota Paper Co. takes over the
Population is 8,200.
||Ice palace built on Main Street for Winter
||The bridge over the western outlet of the Winnipeg
River is completed.
||Rabbit Lake School constructed.
Kenora Thistles hockey team play exhibition games in Japan.
B'nai Brith Camp established on Town Island.
||Flour mill in Keewatin is bought by
||Kenora's 75th Anniversary.
||Beaver Brae Secondary School opens.
||Lake of the Woods Museum is established.
||Lake of the Woods International Sailing
Association (LOWISA) holds first regatta.
Population is 11,200.
||Husky the Muskie constructed for McLeod
Keewatin flour mill is destroyed by fire and is not rebuilt.
||Kenora Recreation Centre opens.
Kenora General Hospital and St. Joseph's Hospital merge to form
the Lake of the Woods District Hospital.
||The school boards of Jaffray and Melick, Norman,
Keewatin, and Kenora amalgamate.
||Post Office and other government offices move to
new federal building on Railway Street.
||The Human Bomb bank robbery at the Canadian
Imperial Bank of Canada.
||Marguerite Canfield was the first woman elected to
the Jaffray and Melick council.
Kenora Shoppers Mall opens.
||Indoor Pool at Kenora Recreation Centre
New curling rink replaces older one.
||Old Post Office is designated a heritage
||Governor-General Ed Schreyer and family visit
||Kenora celebrates its centennial year.
||The last log boom is towed into town.
||Kenora Harbourfront development is
New Lake of the Woods Museum opens.
||Jaffray and Melick becomes a town.
||Jaffray and Melick's name shortened to
||Amalgamation of Kenora, Keewatin, and Jaffray-
Melick to form the city of Kenora.
||Trus Joist starts production of
Royal Lake of the Woods Yacht Club celebrates its 100th
Anniversary with a royal visit by Prince and Princess Michael of
||Newly expanded Kenora Recreation Centre